The city of Xiangxiang, the origin of Xiang (Hunan) Army, was once a place of strategic importance in the Chu Kingdom and called Longcheng (Dragon city). Located in central Hunan province, 22 km south of Shaoshan Mountain and 80 km southwest of the provincial capital city, Changsha, Xiangxiang is an important industrial base and leisure tourist city in the resource-saving and environment- friendly Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan comprehensive experimental area.
Covering an area of 1,975 sq km, Xiangxiang has a population of 950,000 residents and governs 3 towns, 15 townlets, 4 subdistrict offices, 503 villages and 47 neighborhoods committees.
Xiangxiang has a long history and splendid culture, with the earliest county records dating back to 3BC. Xiangxiang has cultivated countless eminent talents and masters, including Jiang Wan, a Shu politician who is known as one of the Four Ministers during the Three Kingdoms period (AD 220-280), Feng Zizhen, a great writer of the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), Zeng Guofan, the head of the Xiang Army in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) and the Chinese Zen Master Xu Yun (Empty-Cloud). The late Chinese leader Mao Zedong and one of the earliest leaders of the Communist Party of China Cai Hesen studied at Xiangxiang Dongshan School and the Xiangxiang No 2 Middle School. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, a group of Xiangxiang natives, including He Guoqiang, Cheng Siwei, Song Wenhan and Ding Yiping became state and military leaders of China.
Xiangxiang was the place of origin for the Xiang Army, who played an important role in Chinese modern history.
The city houses a national key cultural relic protection unit – Dongshan Academy, 4 provincial key cultural relic protection units and more than 5,000 ancient tombs, including a large amount of cultural relics. About 20 historical sites, like Wenmiao Temple, Fuhu Well, and a kiln site of the Song Dynasty (960-1279), have been well preserved. The Yunmen Temple, also built in Song Dynasty, houses the second largest statue of Avalokitesvara in China and white marble sculptures for Eighteen Arhats. It is considered as a shrine by Buddhists in China and abroad. The scenic Shuifu Demonstration Zone in Xiangxiang is listed as one of the 8 most beautiful sceneries in Hunan province. Other scenic spots include Dongtai Mountain National Forest Park and Maohu Water Town. Xiangxiang also features abundant “Red” tourism resources related to China's Communist revolution, such as the former residence of the Chinese Communist military leaders Chen Geng and Tan Zheng.
Xiangxiang has 660,000 mu (44,000 hectares) of farmland and been listed among the top 100 grain-fed pig producing counties (cities) in China. There are agricultural product bases for rice, poultry, aquatic products, fruits and commercial forests. It has been a national distribution center of grain and oil, pork, leather, fodder and eggs. Its specialities -- tea, dry peppers, salted duck eggs and smoked fish enjoy a great fame both at home and abroad.
There are about 30 identified mineral resources in Xiangxiang, such as silica, oulopholite, talc, iron ore and manganese. The city has formed a modern industrial layout featuring metallurgy, building materials, food, electrical machinery, chemical industry and leather making.
The city also enjoys convenient transportation. The Xiangxiang Railway Station has a floorage of 8,000 square meters, and advanced equipment and services facilities. A group of railways and expressways cross the city. Numerous country roads connecting villages and dozens of bus routes, as well as five taxi companies form a convinent traffic network.
Xiangxiang has more than 260 elementary and secondary schools, including two provincial demonstration high schools. About 1,500 students are enrolled in universities and colleges or higher education institutions every year. There are over 100 medical facilities. The Xiangxiang People’s Hospital is one of the best hospitals among all the county-level cities in Hunan. Several hundreds of cultural relics were kept in Xiangxiang’s museum, which is the earliest and best county-level museum in the province. There are dozens of art groups and more than 40 masters of painting and calligraphy. The city has three research institutes, 24 professional associations and over 500 patents for scientific and technological innovations.
The city is speeding up its urbanization. Its urban area covers 20 sq km and has a population of more than 200,000. The marketplaces for building materials, clothing and accessories, wine and tobacco, non-staple foods, telecommunications and auto parts, and hardware and electrical equipment are booming. Serveral construction projects are underway in Xiangxiang. Some emerging industries, like machinery and equipment, medical devices, electronics and electrical appliances, leather processing and green food are embracing good opportunities for development. A total of 135 enterprises, including 102 industrial companies, have settled in the city’s development zone.
The city is looking forward to visitors and investors from all over the world and welcomes fellow-townsmen’s suggestion on Xiangxiang’s development.
City flowers: chrysanthemum
City trees: cinnamomum camphora
The design of the emblem was inspired by to a legend of Longcheng (Dragon City), another name of Xiangxiang.
The emblem, based on the dragon-like letters "XX" (the initials of Xiangxiang), symbolizes the rise of Xiangxiang. The symbol between two dragons’ tails is designed into the image of the Lianshui River, an important water source for the city.